On another place where I posted this article, a friend of mine asked the following question in relation to the Biblical Canon not being established at Nicea:
Which other council are we referring to when we say that Constantine and the Bishops met to create the canon?
Here is my response:
Actually, there were a few…
The Catholic Bible was determined in 1546 at the Council of Trent, the Church of England came to a conclusion in the Thirty-Five Articles in 1563, Calvinists made a determination in 1647 at the adoption of the Westminster Confession of Faith, and the Eastern Orthodox Canon was doctrinally established in 1672 at the Synod of Jerusalem.
Thing is, there were accepted Canons before this, but there was very little over-arching agreement among different Christian groups. Various church leaders made statements as to what they believed the Canon was or should be, but…it doesn’t seem a true consensus was reached even then…
I think it is safe to say that the first church authorized Canon was established at the Council of Trent and that three other Canons are also authorized by 3 other major sects of world Christianity.
All of this is true unless your an Evangelical Christian, in which case you believe that John ultimately finalized the NT Canon and that Paul, Peter, and John all personally knew every NT writer. I find this view to be dishonest at best, considering the fact that there are 4 different Canons (OT + NT) in existence.
And an error on my part: Constantine would not have been at Trent.